Occupational health and workplace injuries

Workplace safety management framework [103-2]

The fundamental document that defines the principles of workplace safety at RusHydro is the Health and Safety Policy (approved by RusHydro’s Order No. 327 of April 20, 2015).

Also, the Company has health and safety regulations in place as follows:

  • regulations on Occupational and Fire Safety Day at RusHydro’s branches (approved by Order No. 300 of April 25, 2016);
  • and Temporary Regulations for Authorization of Building and Fitting Contractors and Seconded Staff to Operate at RusHydro’s Sites (approved by Order No. 736 of November 13, 2008).

RusHydro Group’s labor protection and industrial safety objectives:

  • protecting the life and health of the Group’s employees in the workplace;
  • preventing occupational injuries and diseases;
  • creating safe employee behavior patterns and hazard prevention skills;
  • improving working conditions on an ongoing basis.

Occupational health and safety management [403-1] includes:

  • management decisions on organizational, technical, sanitary and hygienic, treatment and preventive, medical and social measures aimed at ensuring safety;
  • protection of employee capability, health and life in the workplace, monitoring of employee compliance with occupational safety, fire prevention and industrial safety requirements.
Distribution of responsibility for occupational health and safety management at RusHydro [103-2]

Key focus areas in occupational health and safety management for 2018

Occupational safety training and knowledge assessment [403-5]
  • Free-of-charge occupational safety training and knowledge assessment for employees and labor safety officers.
  • Employee training for a new job with internship in the workplace.
  • Emergency and fire response drills.
  • Occupational health and safety briefings for in-house and contractor staff.
  • Special and advanced staff training.
  • Demonstrations for crews before work authorization.
  • Occupational Safety Days on a monthly basis;
  • Thematic events, including those aimed at:
    • venting injuries in electrical installations, work at height, confined spaces, pressure equipment, construction work, loading and unloading operations, lifting equipment, appliances and mechanisms;
    • enhancing workplace culture;
    • promoting traffic safety;
    • training staff for winter seasons;
  • Training staff for maintenance campaigns. Staff training in safe work methods, adequate use of tools and personal protective equipment.
  • Training efficiency is assessed based on tests and knowledge checks (protocols).
  • Training efficiency can be assessed by both trainees and managers, training officers, teachers, experts and dedicated assessment teams.
Identification of occupational hazards [403-2]
  • Special assessment of working conditions to identify occupational hazards. Assessment of workplace conditions, definition of their class.
  • Operational control of compliance with sanitary rules as well as sanitation and epidemic prevention measures (laboratory tests, working environment surveys).
  • Staff interviews and meetings. [403-4]
  • Overviews of injuries in electrical installations and development of injury prevention measures.
  • Workplace rounds to identify violations of occupational, industrial and fire safety rules by in-house and contractor staff.
  • Reviews of proposals from employees, trade unions or other employee authorized bodies aimed at improving working conditions and occupational safety. [403-4]
  • Occupational health and safety provisions in formal agreements with trade unions. [403-4]
Employee health screening and voluntary health insurance for the working environment and operating process [403-6]
  • Social guarantees and compensations to employees working in hazardous conditions following the special assessment (reduced hours, additional leave, therapeutic and preventive nutrition).
  • Mandatory regular medical and psychiatric examinations (check-ups).
  • Medical aid to the insured according to the programs of outpatient care, stationary, emergency medical aid as part of VHI.
  • Outpatient care, emergency and routine inpatient treatment, emergency medical aid and foreign travel insurance as part of VHI.
  • Annual preventive measures (employee vaccination and examinations) to reduce threats to human life or health, as part of VHI.

Health and safety measures [103-2]

In 2018, health and safety measures taken at RusHydro Group included:

  • on-site control of occupational hazards to reduce their impact on employees;
  • ensuring compliance with health and safety requirements by contractors’ teams engaged by the Company’s branches;
  • drafting RusHydro Group’s accident response guidelines to prevent injuries;
  • monthly and quarterly Group-wide occupational safety (including fire safety) days with progress reviews;
  • measures to prevent occupational injuries;
  • mandatory medical examinations of employees working in hazardous and harmful conditions, and implementation of measures recommended in post-examination reports;
  • mandatory psychiatric examination of employees engaged in certain activities, including high-hazard operations (with exposure to harmful substances and occupational hazards), or working in a high-risk environment;
  • purchasing and restocking first-aid kits;
  • potable water supply to employees ;
  • infectious disease prevention;
  • personnel preventive vaccination;
  • health and safety briefings;
  • inspections of workplaces;
  • setting up health and safety rooms and areas across the Company, purchasing stands, equipment and simulators, visual aids, learning software;
  • buying technical standards documents, including their electronic versions;
  • holding health and safety trainings and employee knowledge checks;
  • training employees on first aid to the injured using robot simulators and distance learning;
  • overviews of injuries in the Russian electric power industry;
  • arranging for employee visits to sports facilities and swimming pools;
  • centralized procurement of protective clothing and footwear for the Company’s branches;
  • providing employees with protective clothing, footwear and personal protective equipment (PPE);
  • organizing PPE storage, care, repair and replacement;
  • providing employees with detergents and decontaminants;
  • providing milk or equivalent products to employees working in hazardous conditions;
  • disinsection and deratization measures;
  • assessment of working conditions and implementation of follow-up action plans to provide better and healthier working conditions.
Health and safety expenses, RUB mn

Assessment of workplace conditions and identification of occupational hazards [403-9], [403-10]

One of the Company’s priorities is to make sure that the special assessment of workplace conditions covers more employees and workplaces comply with statutory health and safety requirements. The assessment of 100% workplaces takes place as scheduled.

Overall, review of occupational injuries and diseases helped identify six occupational hazards that had led to a serious injury or occupational disease.

Hazardous factors (occupational hazards) that may cause injuries or occupational diseases
Hazard Number of severe injuries and occupational diseases caused by an occupational hazard Action taken
Mechanical hazards 5 The Company has taken urgent preventive measures and developed an action plan to eliminate the impact on others
Electrical hazards 1
Thermal hazards 1
Labor severity and intensity hazards 2 Control over medical examinations, PPE availability and use, supervision of weight lifting in excesses of approved limits
Noise hazards 2
Other 1 Control of medical examinations

Injuries and occupational diseases [403-9], [403-10]

In 2018, RusHydro Group had 32 accidents to their own staff that resulted in 41 injuries, including six fatalities. The accidents caused injuries to six managers, five skilled specialists and 30 workers.

Injuries mainly occurred due to inadequate work management by contractors’ employees in charge (code 08). Each accident was investigated, with urgent preventive measures put in place.

Number of casualties in 2016–2018 [403-9]
Year Indicator RusHydro RusHydro (excluding RAO ES East Subgroup) RAO ES East Subgroup Total
2016 Number of injuries, employees 1 12 27 40
incl. fatalities 0 1 3 4
Rate of recordable work-related injuriesRate of recordable work-related injuries = Number of recordable work-related injuries * 1,000,000 man-hours / average number of workers in the reporting year. 0.19 0.96 0.54 0.59
2017 Number of injuries, employees 0 12 21 33
incl. fatalities 0 1 3 4
Rate of recordable work-related injuries Rate of recordable work-related injuries = Number of recordable work-related injuries * 1,000,000 man-hours / average number of workers in the reporting year. 0.00 0.96 0.43 0.49
2018 Number of injuries, employees 5 12 24 41
incl. fatalities 0 2 4 6
Rate of recordable work-related injuriesRate of recordable work-related injuries = Number of recordable work-related injuries * 1,000,000 man-hours / average number of workers in the reporting year. 1.07 0.89 0.52 0.64

In 2018, RusHydro Group recorded five occupational diseases. Occupational diseases (hazards) are caused by noise and labor severity.

In each case, the Company issued a relevant report followed by stricter control over medical examinations to enable early diagnosis and minimize the risks of developing chronic diseases.

The following measures were taken to prevent occupational diseases:

  • providing milk or equivalent products to employees working in hazardous conditions;
  • supplying effective individual hearing protection means;
  • reimbursing for costs related to additional medical check-ups;
  • organizing health resort treatment and sports activities;
  • educating on how to prevent infectious diseases;
  • personnel preventive vaccination;
  • restocking first aid kits;
  • supply of potable water and vitamins;
  • supply of detergents and decontaminants.
Categories of injured employees in 2018 [403-9]
Number and types of injuries in 2018 [403-9]
Categories of employees with fatal and severe injuries in 2018 [403-9]